Web-app is an access point to unleash the incredible power of the cyber world. It behaves like a magnet to pull the virtual audience on a massive scale, but at the same time, if the web-app is lousy and out of context the audience would not stick to it for long.
It becomes the developer’s job to ensure that each piece falls in the line and make it appealing. There are some outstanding open-source tools that assist developers in building web-app effortlessly.
Before we take an overview of the tools to build web-app, there is one thing I would like to make clear between web-apps and website.
Though both accessed through the internet, there is a thin line between web-apps and website. Unlike the website, web-app has an interactive program where visitors or users can take action. For example, Facebook or Gmail, where users comment on the Facebook post or use gmails to send mail to friends. It requires users to perform an action, while the websites only give information about the product or service- BBC news or Netflix. There is no user action involved.
So, if you are designing a web-app, many things need to consider frameworks, design & usability, database design, development approach, etc.
For developing a web application, there are three core areas.
Webapp development is carried out in 5 steps,
For large businesses, there would be no issues, but small scale business faces a challenge to build web-app as they sustain on a thin budget and a small team. For them knowing some opensource tools is a big deal.
The opensource tool implementation mostly depends on the business requirements rather than small or large business operations. If you know the requirements, it is easy to sort out the tools.
List of opensource tools for building small web applications
1) Free Prototyping tools
( Image source:justuxdesign.com)
Before you execute a web application idea in a real environment, you would like to know how it will look or behave. For that, there are many prototyping designing tools you would like to add to your list.
2) IDE- Netbeans, Eclipse, Intellij
For writing code, testing, and debugging, the developer uses IDE. It brings more productivity when a programmer chooses IDE over a text editor. IDE that contains all tools, including the compiler and plug-ins are preferred more than others. The choice of IDE is also based on features such as an integrated development environment that allows to work with more than one programming language or supports mobile-based applications. Below is a list of some well-known IDEs used in the industry.
4) Front-end/ Backend Framework- AngularJS, NodeJS, Laravel
5) CSS Preprocessor - LESS
LESS is an open-source CSS preprocessor used for styling the website. LESS enhances the capability of CSS with the use of variables, mixins, operators, and functions. It helps web developers/designers to reduce repetitive coding. The other popular CSS includes Sass and Stylus.
6) CMS- Drupal, Joomla, Wordpress
CMS enables you to create, edit, publish and manage website pages and blogs on a single interface. Below mentioned are some of the best free and open-source CMS software for your small web-application. These CMS also comes with many other features such as web-traffic analysis, SEO plugins, open API, W3C compliance, mobile support, and so on.
7) DBMS- SQL, MySQL, PostgreSQL
SQL, MySQL, and PostgreSQL are some of the popular free and opensource database management software. It handles your mission-critical data succinctly. SQL or MySQL is sufficient for your small web app; however, there are few more alternatives if you are keen about performance, speed, and scalability.
8) XAMPP- Local server for testing
XAMPP stands for cross-platform (X), Apache (A), MariaDB (M), PHP (P), and Perl (P). It is an open-source web server with all the tools and language support built-in to it. It is an all-in-one package, available for Windows, Linux and MAC systems. With XAMPP, you can build a test environment to test the web-application. The local server is cost-effective for small and medium-sized companies. Xampp is easy to install and use.
9) Free web hosting
There are many free web hosting sites, but it is NOT recommended. Their services are totally unreliable, and free hosts can remove the site from the server anytime. Also, there will be no customer support to answer your query. A premium host service or cloud hosting services may be expensive, but in the long run, it is worth it.
Other topics that might interest you,
Opting out the best web application framework is not a simple task. There are different frameworks in the market, and each of them holds unique peculiarities. Some have strong as well as have the best scopes of implementation. An accurate selection of a framework can quicken the processes, while a hasty decision can cost you extra time, and budget.
Let’s have a glimpse into the top web development frameworks trending in 2019. These frameworks are famous, universal in use, and can be useful for many types of projects:
Latest Version: Rails 5.0.0.beta2
Another framework that assists in building high-quality websites is Django . It was created to meet fast-moving newsroom deadlines while meeting the adhesive conditions of experienced Web developers. Django developers say that the applications developed with it are ridiculously fast, reliable, scalable and agile.
Latest Version: Django 1.9.2
3. Angular (previously known as Angular Js):
Angular is a framework developed by Google (formerly exhibited by Misko Hevery and Adam Abrons) which assists the users in creating influential Web Apps. It is a framework that is employed to develop large scale and high-performance web applications but is easy-to-maintain. Many different web apps are made with Angular and can be found here
Latest Version: Angular 7.1.5
ASP.NET is a framework that is produced by Microsoft. It helps the users to develop sturdy web applications for PC and mobile devices. It is a lightweight framework that gives high performance in building web applications using .NET. In brief, it is a framework with power, productivity, and speed.
Latest Version: ASP.NET 5 (ASP.NET Core 1.0)
Meteor or MeteorJS is another framework that provides users a thoroughly simple way to create real-time mobile and web apps. It supports speedy prototyping and offers cross-platform (Web, Android, iOS) code. It also covers the cloud platform Galaxy that greatly elucidates deployment, scaling, and monitoring.
Latest Version: Meteor 1.2.1
The above mentioned are the top web frameworks that are flexible and adaptable to different types of projects. All of them are excellent, but which is the best web framework for your project? It all depends on the requirements and project specifications. So, consider the benefits and limitations mentioned in the below-displayed comparison table to pick the one that will curtail your time and money in the long run.
Well, it is tough to justify the word ‘best’. But yes, with MEAN stack one can build a web application in a very efficient way.
MongoDB is a platform which provides database without any relationship between documentation. Yes, it is a schemaless database that holds data in JSON format. Each document in a collection is simple to understand. It is also used for various other purposes such as storing files, preparing the index, load balancing, and aggregation.
Express.js is wrapping up the node.js things within it. Node.js can do all those things which are done by express.js. But Express.js wraps those things in a good manner. Here Express.js provides API endpoints to render data from MongoDB. It is used to host Node.js projects.
Node.js is a platform which provides easily build fast and scalable network applications. It can handle multiple requests on a single service without them blocking each-other and hence it is non-blocking. Here it is the foundation of Express.
MongoDB provides more efficient and simple data storing. Node.js provides a better runtime environment to run an application on the server. On the other hand, Express.js helps to standardize how you build your websites. Angular.js stands to provide a clear path to add functions by using AJAX-driven rich components.
Nowadays Mean stack is in trend to develop a web app. Though there are always pros and cons. The majority of the requirements are fulfilled by the MEAN stack. So MEAN stack is not the bad option for web development.
SEO tool extracts key information about your website and tells you how to optimize your web-page for search engines. A holistic tool like MOZ addresses all your SEO related pain-points by providing valuable insights.
Undoubtedly, it is one of the best SEO tools, but knowing other alternatives could widen up your analysing skills and improve ranking on Google.
MOZ tool in the hands of the right person can be game changing. Moz provides you with the much needed data to understand your marketing efforts. Besides that it provides all kinds of keyword metrics, on-page recommendations, link building opportunities, crawl errors, online mentions of your brand and many more. Its spam score feature helps you to find potentially spam links on your websites.
An individual can easily deviate from their core requirement and could pick a wrong SEO tool for website analysis if they don’t know what exactly they want. It is important to understand the purpose of your SEO analysing before finalizing the SEO tools.
Here are some insights on top alternatives to MOZ tools that helps you to narrow down your requirements and pick the right SEO tool.
You can pick any of these MOZ alternative tools, which are very popular in the SEO industry. You can choose basic as well as advanced features based on your needs.
Here are the, 5 most popular alternatives to MOZ SEO tool
Remember that the advance features cover more details, the points here may look similar to the basic plan, but they may differ in the number of users, reports generated, number of backlink analysis and so on.
All the above tools also have a free trial, while "Majestic" don’t give free trial but offers a money- back guarantee.
From the above list of tools, here are some interpretations made on tools usefulness due to their exclusive features.
If you just require a basic free SEO tool, then below mentioned tools are totally free and can be used as a MOZ alternative. It is very useful for start-ups who have to manage on a thin budget.
Top 5 free tools alternative to MOZ
Wrapping up: Search engine optimization begins with adopting a right SEO strategy and tools. There is no single tool using which you can undertake a complete SEO analysis, you may require a thorough analysis of various tools before you come to a conclusion. SemRush, MOZ, and Ahref are some most popular SEO tools to accomplish your SEO goals.
Spring Framework holds an excellent capability to build complex web applications. It enables developers to develop an enterprise-level application that too without any much difficulty. It provided modules like Spring Core, Spring MVC, Spring Transaction, Spring Security, Spring ORM, and Spring Boot.
The framework of Vaadin is used for streamlines Java development. It allows developers to develop custom web applications. It delivers smooth communication between client and server. Being a lightweight framework, it handles routing communication between both client and server very easily. For a fact, it is a cross-platform framework, which means, there is no need to migrate the code into a different platform.
Used for developing a stable framework for Java, Hibernate is an Object-Relational Mapping (ORM). It is used to connect data across two incompatible systems. It offers seamless communication between Java application and relational database management systems (RDBMS). Hibernate is the best framework to use when you’re working in a complex ecosystem where you want to make date flow smooth and seamless.
The framework of JSF is used for developing native applications, enterprise applications, and web application development. The framework helps developers to build user interfaces for Java-based applications. With just drag and drop of UI components, they can create User Interfaces. With the help of JSF, developing the presentation layer of an application becomes easier.
So, these are the top 5 Java frameworks that are highly-preferred and used by developers. I hope you’ve found it useful.
Everything starts with measurements. Without knowing the exact place where the performance issues are coming from - it makes no sense to start optimizing an application. Let's break the application into layers and talk about recipes for each of them:
If we are dissecting the web applications, let's be sure that there are no unnecessary dependencies and the size of the bundle is as small as possible. Also, we need to be confident in a fact that application is broken into modules and they are loaded in 'lazy' mode, just when it's needed.
Also important is to investigate the static content. Images should have a proper size/resolution/compression. If possible - it makes sense to move static content into CDN.
Let's also take a look at the count and structure of HTTP calls that are made to the backend. If something can be taken in one call to server - it makes sense to try doing it rather than having multiple chained calls there. It's not always possible, but if you control all the sides of the application, it makes sense to try Backend for Frontend design pattern.
And if we are sure that everything is optimized in frontend code, but still we need to way for the backend response, that might take an unpredictable amount of time - it makes sense to try to improve user's experience by using tricks like ghost loading.
Honestly, in a vast majority of common websites that are not sending rockets to Mars backend bottlenecks are close to the level of database interactions. It might be a direct problem like using the ORM in performance-critical paths of execution that are generating DB queries that are far from being perfect. Or design problems where instead of having a one DB query, in the end, there are nested calls there.
So if the problem is somewhere close to a DB interaction - it makes sense to switch to something more low-level. In .NET words, this would be a way to switch from EntityFramework to something more light-weight like Dapper for example. Although this is a trade-off, 'cause it slows down the process of development and requires more skilled developers able to write optimized DB queries.
Besides that, it makes sense to revise the code and use async calls execution where it is possible and reasonable. In modern backends, this is almost everywhere.
Also if there is data that is often loaded from a DB or used by an application and that is not frequently updated - it would be highly effective to put this data to a memory-based cache like Redis for example.
Last but not least is the topicality of the libraries and frameworks used on a server-side. For example, the .NET team is working hard to improve different aspects of the framework from release to release. So it's important to keep the technology stack up to date.
There are also a lot of more specific cases. Let's say application needs to do a sophisticated search in textual data, and there is a huge amount of this data. Leveraging this task to SQL might sound like a bad idea, and for example, ElasticSearch will do that in a much more efficient way.
If an application is a monolith and therefore is hard to scale, and requires to work under the high load - one might consider breaking it into microservices, using something like a CQRS pattern that could speed up the read path if done right. Otherwise, if an application is relatively small and is not meant to scale by its nature - microservices, communication between them and efforts made to keep an eventual consistency between multiple storages might be an overkill.
First of all, we need to be sure that the right DB type has been selected. For example, if our application is working with data that has a nested structure and does not require to have complicated relations between items - NoSQL sounds like a good choice. Instead of splitting/merging the structure on every request, data can be stored as-is, in an optimized representation. NoSQL databases as MongoDB are good in terms of scaling, have an efficient sharding mechanism, etc. But on the other side, if the nature of the data means that there will be a lot of relations between items and/or it's nested objects - this sounds like a job for SQL.
However, there might be something more specialized. If we are talking about an application where the data looks like a graph and we need to traverse this graph in different ways - it makes sense to use graph-based DBs like Neo4J for example.
If we sure that DB is selected right - let's investigate the usual execution flow of the application and then think about the fine-tuning of it. That's when the normalization/denormalization and indexes come into play.
Here the first question is the hardware or cloud tier that is selected. Sometimes the scaling problem can be leveraged to a cloud provider, by just buying a more expensive resource level. This is the easiest and probably fastest way to increase performance, but only to some extend. But if that's not always a reasonable choice. But in any case, things like load balancing, server instances auto-scaling, etc - this is a highly useful thing to have.
Web development involves a wide range of activities, from developing a simple static page consisting of plain text to complicated web-based internet applications, social network services, and electronic businesses. Usually, web development is referred to coding and writing markup. Content management systems are used in web development to manage content, and they just need the users to have fundamental technical skills.
In the rapidly growing global market, finding a reliable web development company to build an excellent website is critical for businesses, especially for start-ups.
India is, though, among the most popular destinations to hire the best company for website development. With regularly introducing new tools and technologies, customers feel it challenging to decide the best choice for their business. Hence, I am giving you a list of the top-five web development companies that are ruling the market today.
Promatics Technologies –Promatics is a leading name for web and mobile application development in the ever-evolving digital landscape. It is a CMM level III certified company that has completed over 3000 projects. It holds the repeat business rate of 60% with having vast domain knowledge and expertise in multiple business verticals.
Zealous Systems– Zealous Systems holds a significant global presence among top web and mobile app development companies in India. The expert solutions at the company are ranged from open-source, e-commerce to cross-platform functionalities to create iOS, Android, and web-based apps.
Aalpha Information Systems India Pvt Ltd. – Aalpha Information Systems is one of the leading and top-rated web and mobile app development firms. They are experts in innovative project outsourcing and assure the excellent agile process of development to its customers.
Now, check some important points before comparing, analyzing, and choosing a company that fits in best as per your requirements:
· If a company takes time to review your needs and talks back with an in-depth conversation about your goals, objectives and site functionality. It is good to choose it, as it pays attention to detail and works back to retain its clients.
· Your chosen firm should have relevant B2B manufacturing experience in the industry.
· The web company of your choice should have expert staffs on board.
· A company that does all the work in-house and has a dedicated development team and a project manager for your project is better to look for. They should have a real office as well where you can physically visit.
· If your proposal comes with a list of references, then it is good to take on. You can cross-check with the references provided to know about how efficient your service company is.
If the firm that you chose meets the above-discussed criteria, then you can surely give it a try.
Before I jump into my answer, I’d like to put some light on how you can evaluate or identify your RIGHT development part. Today, there are tens of thousands of Website & App agencies out there in the United States alone and each of them are buzzing out with their offerings on every other online platform.
So with all these information, how you can identify, which companies should be the good one & a right fit for your organization or for your personal project. Based on my experience, I have listed down some of the preliminary questions/information you should look for to filter down your options by almost 70 to 80%.
Evaluation Criteria’s are divided into two major categories; one is Company Evaluation, to know if they are best FIT for you as an organization. And another is Project Evaluation, to identify if they hold capability & past expertise of delivery you the solution you are looking for.
1. How long the company is into business? More the experience, better the industry & domain knowledge they must be carrying to help you achieve your immediate & futuristic goals.
2. Are they offering end to end solution i.e. Web & App both in-house? This will help you covering all your technical needs at single place, rather than picking multiple agencies for different tasks/platforms.
3. Do they hold any global certifications or awards or accolade given by third party, which can speak about their credibility & proven track record as an organization?
4. Look for their current & past clientele and their testimonials to learn more about their client experience. You can refer third-party platform like Goodfirm for balanced review.
1. Does company hold relevant industry & domain knowledge? It is always advisable to check whether company have previous experience working on similar domain & industry, as it will help you a lot while defining & planning a solution. An experience company, can always come up with lot of new ideas and suggestions which you as a customer cannot think off at planning stage.
2. Are they adapting or already working upon latest technology stack. It is very important to identify this fact, as your idea can be converted in a Website or an App using number of programming languages, but it will be truly reliable & scalable only if your tech partner has selected right programming language & database that can withhold your current & futuristic demands. More better the technology is, more robust & scalable your platform will be.
3. What kind of on boarding & execution process do they follow? Are they taking enough of time in analysing your requirements in detail before planning the solution? Planning stage is very important and critical for any business idea. The more better you plan, the more easier your execution & operation will become. So always ensure, your selected company is following proper analysis phase & spending enough of time to understand your business needs.
4. And last but not least, what are their project planning, execution & delivery processes. Each company have their own way of client onboarding & execution processes which cannot always be right for every project. In this case, you should always look for companies who are adapting & following standard project planning & execution practices. In terms of IT, you can look for companies who are carrying CMMI Level 3 & 5 Certification whoese major focus is upon planning & execution.
I am sure above information will help you and number of other readers alot while they are searching for their next TECHNOLOGY partner. I am Business Head and lead technology consultant at OpenXcell and I assist both clients and businesses with their technology needs. If you need any assistance with your Web requirements or even just for a free consultation, feel free to reach out at Email/Skype: [email protected]
OpenXcell is CMMI Level 3 certified organization incorporated in 2009 and headquartered in the USA. OpenXcell is an industry-leading & most reliable software and mobile app development company known for delivering innovative software solutions and engaging mobile apps. You can visit https://www.openxcell.com/ to learn more about our organization.
Like any other agency, we are not merely a delivery firm who just follow instructions from the client and deliver the solution. But infact, we go one step ahead and take a consultative approach, where we not only assist you with your Short Term Goals, but also give you a futuristic vision about your solution & how it can be achieve.
We initiate our process with requirement understanding session, where we align you with Business Manager & Technical Consultant who discuss with you in detail about your requirements. Basis upon your concept, we do our market research, study current competition, and by consolidating all our past experience, we come up with our approach document.
Once you are happy & convince with our overall understanding & approach, we then share with you our proposal & next steps to move ahead with the project.
Looking for some best open-source vector graphics software? If so, here is the list!
An open-source vector graphics software, YouiDraw offers a variety of customizable textured brushes to its users. Along with that, this vector drawing tool also provides a set of modern tools such as a pencil for the sketchy or plain line. YouiDraw is one of the best tools for all sizes of enterprises. It works on HTML 5 canvas with Google Drive. Bein a powerful , this tool gives you the opportunity to express your creativity and style in the best possible way. Besides, it can be integrated with all web applications.
A 2D animation open-source vector graphics tool, Synfig Studio is known to work with high dynamic range imaging. The tool allows you to design the animation in the front-end and later it can be rendered with the backend. The tool allows users to apply real-time effects to layers or a group of layers. With Synfig Studio, you can create high-quality animations.
For those who are looking for free yet powerful vector graphics software, then Inkscape is the best choice. This tool is for Linux, macOS, and Windows users. It has several add-ons features that allow easy customization and functionality of this tool. With this tool, one can create a wide variety of graphics such as logos, icons, illustrations, diagrams, maps, and web graphics.
These are my top recommended open-source vector graphics software. However, there are more tools that are also used by a wide chunk of designers. Some of them are LibreOffice - Draw, Skencil, Gravit Designer, and Vectr.