Q&A of Web Development
A full-stack web developer is someone who has both front ends as well as backend knowledge. They are well versed in programming languages needed for client-side development. They know how to write back end applications and APIs that power the website. Basically, they are comfortable working on all tiers of application development.
A software developer, On the other hand, is a computer programmer who develops software applications that run on a computer. They write the code using a programming language and test it rigorously to ensure that the software runs without errors and achieves the desired objective. They are specialists in only one tier of application development.
I was so much overwhelmed when I come to know that nobody will ask me for using WordPress plugins, or writing code, or connecting to a development freelancer to create a subscription website where anyone can pay and get access to my community, publications, and resources.
In fact, I was thrilled to realize now I can have my local library association on the Internet all by myself. I will call it a subscription website with expressing some more about it.
What is a Subscription Website?
A subscription website is as same as other websites. The only different thing it has is a gate that restricts outsiders to access content on your website. The content on the website must be valuable enough to encourage people to pay and access it for their usage.
Here, the word ‘valuable’ literally refers to something useful for the types and needs of the audience. The subscription sites most contain:
· Industry publications, including reports, surveys, newsletters, and white papers
· Guides, webinars, and courses
· Exclusive invitations to conferences and events
· Private membership directory for business groups and associations
· Discounts on products/ services/equipments for a specific geography or industry
Besides restricting access to the content, there are multitudes of administrative activities that are undertaken by the subscription websites. I wanted one as my assistant that can automatically:
· Register new members or subscribers
· Update profiles of the subscribers in one centralized database
· Process monthly payments and set up recurring payments
· Makes the website responsive for mobile applications
· Distribute course materials, industry reports and journals
· Email subscribers with monthly newsletters, reminders, invites, invoices, and other types of communication
How to set up a Subscription Website?
A systematic process will help you in doing DIY website development. Or else, your web developer can do it for you following some easy steps.
1. The first step is simple. Choose the web hosting service and a domain name.
2. Install WordPress or any other suitable platform like Weebly, Squarespace, .Net, Xamarin etc according to the type of website you want to have.
3. Choose a membership plugin.
4. Set up the site by downloading the membership plugin to your computer, logging in to your admin area, going to plugins – add new.
5. Now, browse the downloaded plugin, enter the install button and activate.
6. Now, add a payment method and it will allow you to accept payment on your subscription website. PayPal, Stripe, Authorize(dot)Net and many other payment options can be included.
7. Now, create membership levels. All members of the community may have different pricing plans and perks. The next page should include a title for your membership plan including the plan details in the editor.
When you are done with the customization, you can hit the ‘publish’ button to make the things live on your website.
8. Next step is to restrict access to membership plans. You can simply do it by using ‘rules’.
9. Next thing is to create members-only content. Here, an option can be given to provide content to the subscribed members only and the plugin can have “MemberPress Unauthorized Access” meta box beneath the post editor.
10. Now, you have to create the pricing page that will be seen by your users when they are signing up to your site for a membership plan. Remember, your pricing-table page should be pleasing and you can use a theme for the same. After setting up the pricing page, you should essentially redirect more and more number of authorized users to it.
11. Next step is to add user login and signup forms.
12. Customize membership email templates.
13. Check out the report of your subscription website. Google analytics tool can help you know from where you are getting the maximum number of users.
Best platforms to build Subscription Websites
6. Wild Apricot
A subscription or paid service website can really yield some good revenues for your business in the long-run. In fact, many companies dealing in consumer goods, jobs, dating, and travelling are already using this kind of business model. Hence, we can say that subscription websites hold a bright future for the businesses. However, it is always advised that one should choose their niche carefully before opting for this paid procedure.
A product is developed first, and then it is marketed (a buzz can be created earlier, though). The same thing applies to web-based applications and websites. But, if you have a business website, you can utilize SEO as your greatest asset and that too from the early stages of development. A product is developed first, and then it is marketed (a buzz can be created earlier, though). The same thing applies to web-based applications and websites. But, if you have a business website, you can utilize SEO as your greatest asset and that too from the early stages of development.
SEO demands some on-site and off-site operations of a website to make it search engine friendly. Once the developers are through with creating a web-product, it is tested technically and SEO-wise and then promoted by the marketers to increase its awareness among the prospects.
In simple words, developers use SEO methodology while developing the websites that are best seen and crawl by the bots in the search engines. These bots and crawlers categorize the new content appeared on the Internet and determine if the content is qualitative enough to be included in the search results.
The search engine crawlers and search-bots check out the content title, meta information, keywords, and images, and the tools assisting in this process help in determining if the content is reader-oriented and follows the search engine algorithms.
A website having broken links, improper tags & titles, inappropriate descriptions and images and many other on-site loopholes will hardly be noticed by the browsers. On the other hand, an SEO-friendly website will likely be more highly ranked than its competitors. Most people barely even move to the second page of a search result; hence, effective SEO is always essential while you are developing a website.
Let us review some of the on-site jobs as per SEO norms that a developer should consider while developing a website.
· Title Tag
· Meta Description
· Image Tag
· Redirection or Hyperlinks
· WWW vs. Non-WWW
· Meta Robots Tag
· Social Meta Tags
· Structured Data (Schema.org)
· HTML5 Semantic Elements
· HTTPS Everywhere
· HTTP Status Codes
· Mobile Optimization
· Optimization for Local Search
· Multi-language Websites
· Page Load Speed
SEO algorithms keep fluctuating. If you think that anything is missing in your website from the points given above, just improve it. If you need expert assistance, let me suggest you few trusted sources that can do the commendable job for your website.
Check out the prominent website development companies that can offer you an SEO-friendly website:
1. Sunflower Lab
3. Belatrix Software
4. DockYard, Inc
5. Promatics Technologies
6. Light IT
7. Zealous System
8. Zco Corporation
9. Konstant Infosolutions
10. Aalpha Information Systems India Pvt. Ltd.
It is a blend of the database, programming languages, and frameworks that aim to improve the website performance and user experience.
( Image source: image under construction)
However, there are few website builders or platforms that can assist in developing your affiliate marketing website, even if you have no knowledge about programming language.
Affiliate marketing websites may give you an edge to hoard extra income. But then, practically speaking, ‘All roads don’t lead to Rome.” It’s not that simple to develop an affiliate website that prints cash for you. Not in case, if you haven’t put in enough time in analyzing the right development platform for your affiliate website and found answers for the following FAQs.
- Is a WordPress website a better option than other web building platforms out there?
- Should I use one of the “drag and drop” website builders out there like Wix or GoCentral?
- Will you need to learn computer code?
- Which platform is best to develop an affiliate website with a minimum budget?
- Which version of the website should I pick (.com or .org)?
By the end of this post, you may have all the answers to the above FAQ’s.
Affiliate marketing and Types of affiliate websites
Considering that you know what Affiliate marketing is, here’s just a quick overview of it.
( Image Source: growtraffic.com)
Affiliate marketing is the process of earning money by promoting another website’s products. You can do this by posting links in your content or creating entire reviews. It is one of the most popular ways to make money online.
Types of affiliate marketing websites
How to choose a platform for affiliate websites? It is a very interesting question as the answer to that depends mostly on what is the operation mode of your affiliate websites. For example, a simple blogging site might not require customization as compared to a price comparison site or product review site.
- Daily Deals Website
- Price Comparison Site
- Product Reviews
- Affiliate Blog
Best development platform to create an affiliate marketing website
A quality website is a good representation of an affiliate’s overall professionalism.
WordPress stands out as the lead player among the affiliate site builders. For the blog-style websites that earn money from affiliate commissions, WordPress is best.
- Powerful plugin support and attractive theme have always been a WordPress stronger side
- It has automatic updates and backups and also offers built-in spam protection.
- It supports some best tools for affiliate websites like Pretty Link, ThirstyAffiliates, MonsterInsights, RafflePress, Constant Contact, and OptinMonster
- One can easily add code snippets into the WordPress
- If you need more customization, host your own files and add advanced plugins, then Wordpress.Org is more suitable. With Wordpress.com you will use whatever is already there
- It has a great content management system
- It can be used for building a product review site, price comparison site, and almost anything.
A great choice for creating free affiliate websites, if you do not wish something too complicated. Also, if you are new-bee with a bare minimum budget, this is an ideal way to begin the affiliate website later you can shift to WordPress or any other platform to explore more features.
- Wix hosting is pretty fast
- It has one limitation that no other hosts can support the Wix website builder
- It is preferable for non-coders who are comfortable with simple drag and drop features
- For beginners, the Wix Editor is easy to learn
- Wix has free as well as premium plans, but they’re still very selective about what you can do
- The customer support is slightly sluggish
- With Wix, one may not be able to use a professional domain name but a combination of your accountname.wix.com and your website name. Some may not like this.
- Wix allows you to edit and retouch your photos before you add them in the gallery
- For blogs, it only comes next to WordPress. But still, it can be used for setting up e-commerce store or product review site.
As per the SITE123, it has one of the easiest and seamless website creation processes in the market.
- Site123 has an intuitive web editor, SEO tools, fully responsive and mobile-friendly designs, social media tools and PayPal integration
- The back-end of the builder has been translated into 69 different languages. It means it can cover a broad range of audience or consumers including advertisers
- It is ideal for a simple blog
- It allows you to create unlimited web-pages
- SITE123 offers a free gallery full of media to make website attractive and professional
- Integrate Google analytics to give advertisers insights on their ad performance
Squarespace is a go-to platform for building blogs, portfolio sites, and online stores.
- No need to know code
- It supports a high-quality image; it means your website has more chance to get ads
- It takes care of complex design functionalities
- With Squarespace’s app, one can even edit the website from its phone
- One drawback it has only 60 templates, which is quite low to other platforms that provide 500+ templates. Although it has counter-balance it with customization feature
- Useful SEO features and support for the tools
- Its strong security features protect websites from malware and DDoS attacks
- It is best for blogs, e-commerce sites, and small business websites.
GoCentral is the website builder designed by the famous hosting provider GoDaddy. It uses AI to help you build your site as easily as possible.
- Based on the domain, GoCentral produce a near-complete website, pre-filled with relevant sections and professional images
- No programming knowledge required
- It supports all devices
- GoCentral uses machine learning to search the best image for your affiliate website
- There is no room for code injection and limited options for design elements
- It is not preferable for an e-commerce site
- It is suitable for bloggers looking for a simple site
Along with your affiliate marketing website development, there are tons of other things like DA ( Domain Authority) of your website, and relevant content would be a deciding factor on how your venture could turn into a profit-making business.
We haven’t narrowed down any specific coding platform here because every website has its own specifications and needs and accordingly, their requirements vary.
Nevertheless, what has been generally observed is that developers choose their technology stack for building websites based on their specifications, like website types (static or dynamic), hosting services, databases, and O.S.
Consider this: Facebook and Google. They are both famous websites and best in their fields. They both deal with the large database, but their choice of the database server is different. Facebook uses “MySQL”, whereas Google has its own database called “Big Table”.It is the database that runs Google’s Internet search, Gmail, Google Maps, YouTube, and other products you’ve likely heard of. If Google wanted, they could have used MySQL, but their choice differs owing to their product’s purpose or goals.
From the above example, we can infer that diverse functionalities are at the core of the dynamic websites. Based on the functionalities, developers choose the programming language, framework, IDE, database servers, and hosting services. Besides that, they also keep in mind the website performance, user experience, and web development cost.
Here is the basic structure for the website development and segregated into two sections- Front end and back-end development.
The below table shows the various frameworks that developers use to develop the back-end and front-end of their website. There are other frameworks that we haven’t mentioned in the table are Phoenix, Flask, Pyramid, Vert.x, and Express.
We discussed above the database, framework, programming language that helps developers to make the website. It takes a lot of coding from the developer’s end to sync them and make it work uniformly. One can say, they all act together as a coding platform for the developer to develop a website.
However, modern-day developers have found a novel way to simplify their coding tasks. They have developed the platforms that can be used as a ready-to-use template for website development that requires minimum coding skills or no coding at all. It may or may not be suitable for complex websites, but for static websites, its worth using.
Best platform to develop a website
- Wordpress, Wix: For bloggers, WordPress is the best option. The biggest advantage of WordPress is they support varieties of plugins for website development. The user is not required to be a coding expert as WordPress offers tools to manage your website without hassle. With WordPress, it is easy to make a website search engine friendly. Wix is another alternative to Wordpress; with Wix, you can create and publish your site without spending a cent. It has an easy drop and drag option, which makes it even more admirable.
- Shopify, Magento: Shopify and Magento are the best development platform for an e-commerce website. Just like WordPress, Magento is an open-source ecommerce platform and free to use. It’s a powerful platform, but the average person will find it hard to achieve their vision without knowing how to code. Whereas, Shopify is an easy-to-use way for anyone to build a store with a drag and drop feature.
- Adobe Dreamweaver CC: Adobe Dreamweaver allows you to code your website design directly, without having too much knowledge about programming. The software assists with visual editing and HTML editing. The advantage of Adobe Dreamweaver is that your website can be optimized for desktops as well as mobile devices, without spoiling the user experience.
- Gator by Hostgator: It is one of the largest web hosting providers in the world. The Gator builder is an all-in-one website building & hosting solution, which makes it a perfect website builder for businesses.
- Constant Contact Website Builder: Constant Contact website builder is the world’s first A.I powered website builder. Their intelligent A.I.builder helps you build a custom website within minutes.
There are numerous other website builders you can consider like BigCommerce, Weebly, Squarespace, BoldGrid, and so on. If you know a little bit of code, you can even customize the website to your liking.
Big enterprises and businesses have a dynamic website, and they are specific about their website features. Usually, they hire software companies to develop their websites. Also, for large businesses website maintenance is a big challenge in which case hiring software development companies are preferable.
The ready-to-use development platform is more popular for small businesses and e-commerce sites. But as their business grows, they also need a dedicated developer for constant monitoring, tweaking, and maintaining the websites.
Spring Framework holds an excellent capability to build complex web applications. It enables developers to develop an enterprise-level application that too without any much difficulty. It provided modules like Spring Core, Spring MVC, Spring Transaction, Spring Security, Spring ORM, and Spring Boot.
The framework of Vaadin is used for streamlines Java development. It allows developers to develop custom web applications. It delivers smooth communication between client and server. Being a lightweight framework, it handles routing communication between both client and server very easily. For a fact, it is a cross-platform framework, which means, there is no need to migrate the code into a different platform.
Used for developing a stable framework for Java, Hibernate is an Object-Relational Mapping (ORM). It is used to connect data across two incompatible systems. It offers seamless communication between Java application and relational database management systems (RDBMS). Hibernate is the best framework to use when you’re working in a complex ecosystem where you want to make date flow smooth and seamless.
- Google Web Toolkit
- Java Server Faces (JSF)
The framework of JSF is used for developing native applications, enterprise applications, and web application development. The framework helps developers to build user interfaces for Java-based applications. With just drag and drop of UI components, they can create User Interfaces. With the help of JSF, developing the presentation layer of an application becomes easier.
So, these are the top 5 Java frameworks that are highly-preferred and used by developers. I hope you’ve found it useful.
We did a lot of research on this topic when we were creating a web application for one of the projects.
Let me first explain what is CSR and SSR.
CSR - Client-side Rendering
- Rich site interactions
- Fast website rendering after the initial load.
- Great for web applications.
- Low SEO if not implemented correctly.
- The initial load might require more time.
- In most cases, requires an external library.
SSR - Server-side Rendering
In server-side rendering when a user makes a request to a webpage, the server prepares an HTML page by fetching user-specific data and sends it to the user’s machine over the internet.
- Search engines can crawl the site for better SEO.
- The initial page load is faster.
- Great for static sites ( as well as dynamic ).
- Frequent server requests.
- An overall slow page rendering.
- Full page reloads.
- Non-rich site interactions.
The decision of whether to use CSR or SSR depends on your application type. But if SEO is very important for you, go for SSR.
What I understand with this question that it requires much of troubleshooting tips to make a website work properly. However, it is excellent that you have published your website online and now looking to make it work best.
Here I assume that you know well how to upload files to a web server, and now, your motive should be to diagnose and resolve some underlying issues and run your website properly.
There could be a difference in the behavior of the distant web server and local server, so you should essentially test your website when it is online. You will be surprised to know how many problems come up the surface, such as pages do not load or load slowly, images do not show up, and so on. Most of the time, it is just a simple mistake or an issue with web hosting configuration. So, be contended and then proceed.
What I do is to dig deeper and perform some tests.
The first thing to evaluate whether your site is working or not is to open your browser and go to the page you want to test.
Did you see the image?
If not, then there is a ‘404 problem’; it means ‘resource not found’.
Servers provide a status message in response whenever they receive a request. The most common HTTP statuses are:
· 200: OK, the resource that you asked it delivered.
· 301: The resource is permanently moved to a new location.
· 304: The file is not modified recently and can display the cached version.
· 403: The resource is forbidden may be due to some configuration mistake.
· 404: The resource is not found and this issue should be resolved.
· 500: There is some internal server error.
· 503: The service is unavailable. Try again in a little while.
Fixing the 404 Error:
You may feel the image is rightly placed, but there is a typo mistake in your HTML code:
Change the src attribute of the image to correct the typo mistake. Save and reload the page and you will get that the error is fixed.
Most frequent errors are:
Typo Errors in the Address
For example, we wanted to type Top Mobile App Development Company in USA & India | OpenXcell, but types too fast, including an extra ‘I’.
The 404 errors appear if you have made a typing mistake, forgot to upload a resource, or lost your network connection while uploading the resources. So, never forget to check the spelling and accuracy of the file path and fix the problem if there is any.
If someone has mistakenly added a wrong script, the page will load, but you will feel like something went wrong with the page.
You can fix such things using the web console tool and then reload the page.
A few more things should be checked to confirm whether a website works appropriately or not. This also lets you know about what the common errors are that could run across and how you can fix them well.
· How to check the site’s performance? Does the page load fast enough?
· Is the server responsive enough or not?
· Is there any 404 error?
· Are all your pages behaving as you expected?
· Did you check your website on different browsers to make sure it renders consistently?
If your answer is YES, then congratulations. Your site is running well, and anyone can visit it. This is a significant achievement and now, you should dig deeper into it.
· As people from all over the world come to visit your website, you should consider making it accessible for all.
· Learn more about CSS and use it if the design of your website is too rough.
The word “Node” signifies the building blocks of programming code. It can be organized with good networking protocols to communicate with each other and scale up to build large distributed programs. It operates on a single-thread, using non-blocking I/O calls, allowing it to support tens of thousands of concurrent connections held in the event loop.
For building an app with node.js, you may need to begin with the following points.
Step 1 - Learn basic knowledge to learn/build Node.js web application
- Knowledge in API functionality and different kinds of API like SOAP, REST, etc.
- Good Knowledge of Network protocols such as HTTP, etc.
- Knowledge in Web development functionality and the various kinds of frameworks out there that Node JS interacts.
- Basic knowledge of server-side programming and its applications (withdrawing data from a database for the client, routing and directly serving pages, etc.).
- Knowledge in either SQL or NoSQL architecture and the related frameworks (such as MySQL, MongoDB, etc).
The understanding of the above-mentioned techniques is essential for node.js applications; without that, you won’t be able to program thoroughly. You also need to have a clear concept of functions, scopes, binding, this keyword, a new keyword, closures, classes, module patterns, prototypes, callbacks, promises.
Step 2- Learn setting up node.js and supporting functions/programs
- Node.js Installation
- Node.js Modules: Node Package Manager (NPM)
- Http Server and Client: Express Framework, Routes, application deployment
- Asynchronous Programming: Call stack, Callback queue, and Event Loop mechanism
- Integration of Node.js and MongoDB: REST APIs and GraphQL
- Authentication, Application Security and Testing
- Dynamic Client-Server Interaction and Microservices Application using Node.js
You may also need to learn express.js. It is a third-party module used in node js to make server-side code more efficient. It uses different view-engines for front end code and to serve static files on the client-side. If you are planning to build an e-commerce web app, then the MEAN/MERN stack would be the right good choice. You can even deploy a microservices-based app as well.
( Image source: Sinform)
Step 3: Explore the best source to learn Node.js
Once you are clear with the Node.js content, you can choose any of the given methods to explore your node.js knowledge.
There are various ways to learn/develop a web app using Node.js
- Free/ Paid online course ( Udemy, Udacity, TutorialsTeacher, Pluralsight, Lynda, W3Schools, JavaTpoint, Codeship, Airpair, Coursera,etc.)
- Node.js community
- Personal tutorial through webinars
- Youtube classes (eureka node.js)
- By working on dummy node.js project under expert supervision
- Node.js Blogs
- Free projects you can watch and create
- Explore quiz and questionnaire on Node.js
The self-learning guide and video would be useful for gaining knowledge about Node.Js architecture and its important function. However, if you want to get a good hold on the technology, then working on a node.js project under expert supervision is recommended.